Houses A & B

House A

House A

House A includes three rooms. Room Α1 is a rectangular space defined by walls α, β, γ, and δ; it measures 3.10×2 m. and is oriented nw-se. The south part of the room is occupied by a horse-shoe shaped structure, of which two curved walls are preserved, running approximately e-w, constructed with five courses of medium-sized stones connected with clay. All the stones of this structure are burned, as is the south half of wall α and the entire wall β, which surround it.

In the south part of the wall, at a distance of 0.40 m. from its junction with wall β, there is an opening 0.63 m. wide, which was the entrance to the room. The floor of the room was found at a depth of 1.42-1.46 m. It consists of a layer of small pebbles and packed earth and rests on a substratum of small stones and discarded pottery sherds. The layer covering the floor is a destruction layer, 0.10-0.20 m. thick, which contains burned soil (esp. in the south half of the floor around the horse-shoe shaped structure), cobbles, and burned bones of sheep/goat, cattle, and pigs, as well as numerous sherds of plain utilitarian and coarse vases, especially LH IIIA2/B bowls and kylikes. On the floor, touching on the north façade of the horse-shoe-shaped structure was found in situ a large tripodic jar resting on a ring formed by four medium-sized stones. The surface of the jar is burned only at the spot where it touched the north façade of the structure.

Jar from House A

Room Α2  is located to the east of A1, from which is divided by wall γ. It is an almost rectangular space, 2.36 m. long and 0.85 (south)-1.18 (north) m. wide. The floor of the room is made of pebbles and packed earth and rests on a substratum similar to and at the same depth as that of room A1. The pottery from the floor is also similar to that of the substratum, as was the case with room A1.

Aerial view of House A

Room Α3 is a small space defined by walls γ, δ, ε, and ζ, measuring 1.03 m. x 0.70 m., to the north of room A2, from which it is separated by wall ε. It was probably used for storage, but its interior is filled with the rubble that fell during the construction of drain III, at which point the northeast corner of the room was destroyed, along with any floor that might have existed in its interior.

House B

Plan of House B

Unit B is a long rectangular building defined by walls η, θ, ι and oriented northwest-southeast.

In the interior of Unit B there is a number of walls that define parts of two rooms.  Room B1 is defined by walls B1α and B1β. The stones of the southeast corner of these two walls have been burned. A layer of sherds (mostly LH IIA/B, with some admixture of LH IIIA), small pebbles, and hard soil extends over the southwest end of all B1β and represents the terminus ante quem for the construction of the wall. Another layer, containing small pebbles and fragments of plaster, was found to the south of wall B1β; this layer may represent remains of a floor and is associated with numerous small pieces of mudbrick found near the NE. end of the wall. Covering the junction of walls B1α and Β1β there is a matrix of burned soil and stones, with pieces of mudbricks, mortar, and LH II/IIIA sherds, over an area of approximately 2.5 sq. m.

The second room (B2) is defined by walls B2α and Β2β, to the NW. of room B1. The area bordered by these two walls contained a thick layer of mudbrick and mortar that actually seems to continue the burned matrix mentioned above. Tumbled stones to the east of wall B2α may have  fallen from the wall.

The relationship of rooms B1 and B2 to Unit B is not clear; the foundations of the walls of these two rooms are at slightly lower elevations than walls η, θ, and ι, which may suggest that these rooms predate Unit B. In that case, they may have been remnants of earlier structures that went out of use when Unit B was built. The matter will be cleared up with the continuation of the excavation inside Unit B.

Aerial view of Rooms B1 and B2